Outsourcing is how businesses can delegate some of their workload and project tasks to third-party contractors. This can help businesses save money, focus on specific project goals, and gain financial rewards.
Outsourcing is no longer a trend; instead, it is a common and popular practice all over the world, and hiring back end developers is not easy as before mainly because they are costly and may not be available at a given time. It is considered by many to be a proven approach to reduce back-end development project costs. When a company assembles a team for a project, each member is carefully picked and brings a distinct skill set to the table. The best part about these abilities is that owing to outsourcing, they can come from any country in the world, as the outsourcing process is conducted entirely online.
So, if you’re curious about which countries give the best back end developers, you’re in luck. We’ll go through a list of the top countries to outsource back end developers in this article.
What factors make a Country good for Software Outsourcing?
The country’s IT market, its expenses, and the capacity of the country’s people to communicate with you in your preferred language are all important factors to consider when looking for the best nations for outsourcing back end developers.=
The amount of money invested in corporate education is also an essential factor that organizations consider when selecting an outsourcing provider for a backend engineer. In other words, firms select employees based on their educational background, favouring those who have completed both high school and post-secondary education. Eastern Europe and Asia are two areas that focus on education, according to a variety of analytics.
On the other side, prices at offshore outsourcing companies are typically much lower. In general, India is the most cost-effective outsourcing destination, whereas Argentina is one of the most costly ones. The majority of countries that provide software outsourcing have excellent command over the English language. Employees will most likely be able to communicate in English at a basic level, if not higher. Your employees will need to have a fairly advanced command of the language for jobs such as a manager.
Why you should consider using Overseas Outsourcing
Some of the most compelling reasons to consider outsourcing for your back end web development to another country include:
- Working knowledge of global IT marketplaces and services
- Enhancements to risk management
- Service and cash flow management
- Professionally completed projects
The 10 Best Countries to Outsource Back-end Developers
With good reason, India is perhaps the first country that comes to mind when you hear the word “outsourcing,” and no doubt it is one the best places to outsource back end developers. India is the world’s second-largest English-speaking country, making it a suitable outsourcing destination for companies in the United States and the United Kingdom. In addition, their educational system also emphasizes mathematics, producing up to 2.6 million STEM graduates each year.
According to Gild’s study, Indian developers outperformed their American colleagues by 11 percent on arithmetic and reasoning tests. However, they scored substantially lower on PHP and HTML tests, so if you’re searching for backend programming, be sure the outsourcers you’ll be dealing with have an excellent track record of delivering results.
The Ukrainian government places a great emphasis on education, which has resulted in a vibrant IT sector. According to HackerRank’s statistical research, Ukrainian developers scored an average of 88.7% across all HackerRank challenges. Ukraine also has the highest concentration of developers in backend languages like C++ programmers in the world and an excellent number of back end developers too.
Although English is not widely spoken among the general public, it is spoken by 80 percent of the IT community; therefore communication barriers are minor. Other advantages of outsourcing back end developers to Ukraine include a time zone that partially aligns with that of the United States and the United Kingdom and a comparable work culture that values challenge and competition.
Many of the world’s fastest-growing IT companies are based in China, which produces up to 4.7 million tech graduates each year. Also, China came out on top in a hypothetical HackerRank examination of countries qualified to compete in a “programming Olympics.”
However, there are a few potential downsides here. For starters, barely 10 million of China’s 1.3 billion people understand English, posing a significant communication challenge for many overseas employers looking for back end developers.
Second, China’s Intellectual Property (IP) regulations are notoriously unenforced. This may be avoided by picking a trustworthy outsourcing firm and setting clear ground rules before you begin working together.
Poland has the third most skilled programmers in the world, according to HackerRank statistics. Their back end developers were first in Java tests and were among the top five in other popular programming languages such as Python, Shell, and Ruby. Warsaw and Krakow, two of Poland’s largest cities, were also among the top 50 cities on the Tholons Globalization Index.
Western developers will also be relieved to learn that 30% of Poles know English as a second language, making communication straightforward. If organizations in North America want to hold live meetings, they’ll have to make some time zone adjustments, but there’s enough overlap to allow functional collaboration.
The Philippines has one of the world’s largest English-speaking populations, with over 92 percent of the population speaking English. They also have a dedicated STEM high school system and have made significant educational reforms in recent years.
These qualities, combined with the peso’s low worldwide value, have made the Philippines one of the most popular locations for outsourcing back end developers. Manila, the country’s capital, is named the world’s second-best outsourcing city by the Tholons Globalization Index.
However, improvements haven’t closed the gap between Filipino software developers and those from other countries on this list. This implies that, while it’s one of the finest countries to outsource software development to, if you’re working on a small project, you might want to look at China or Ukraine for a small project with back end developers.
Romania provides tuition-free egalitarian education to its population, resulting in one of Europe’s most diversified tech communities. In all HackerRank programming exams, Romanian developers came in 20th place.
Romania has made significant investments in its IT infrastructure in recent years, driving it to 18th place on the A.T. Kearney Global Services Location Index, which rates nations based on their financial attractiveness, skill levels, and availability, and overall business environment. In addition, with most back end developers earning at least three times the typical Romanian’s salary, this industry is able to attract a continual influx of fresh and bright individuals.
Employers in Western Europe and North America will also profit from Romania’s other important advantages. The time zone has a lot of overlap with western Europe and even the United States. In Romania, about 90% of the developer community speaks English, and several other foreign languages, including Russian and German, are widely spoken, making it a great place to outsource back end developers.
Brazil has a population of approximately 6.18 million English speakers and a government that is working hard to improve technical education infrastructure. However, Brazil is an up-and-coming country for outsourcing back end developers due to its relatively young workforce (38.18 percent of the population is under 24 years old).
However, Brazil’s IT community is still in its infancy. On HackerRank tests, Brazilian programmers had an average score of 71.3 percent. Brazil is a wonderful area to locate young developers, but for more advanced projects, you’ll want to look at the other countries on our list.
According to HackerRank, Taiwan has the world’s sixth most skilled back end developers, with great expertise in functional programming and data structures. The Taiwanese government has also made significant investments in STEM education and IT infrastructure in order to achieve its aim of becoming “Asia’s Silicon Valley.”
However, this does not imply that Taiwan is the greatest location for outsourcing back end developers. For example, Taiwan is ranked 40th out of 80 non-English speaking countries in the English Proficiency Index. Specific figures from the programming community are hard to come by, but this figure shows that communication hurdles could become a serious issue if you outsource back end developers to Taiwan. To address this issue, Taiwan is considering making English one of its official national languages.
Egypt is only placed 42nd out of the top 50 countries for software development on HackerRank’s list, but it is committed to growing its IT workforce. Egypt has invested heavily in the development of STEM-focused high schools in recent years, resulting in a big pool of back end developers. Because English is taught in most Egyptian schools, communication obstacles should be minor when working with Egyptian employees.
However, what really sets Egypt apart on this list is its sheer cost-effectiveness: outsourcing back end developers to Egypt is most probably less expensive than outsourcing to any other country on this list.
Canada has a robust educational infrastructure with a heavy concentration on technology: STEM degrees account for 18.6% of Canada’s annual graduates. HackerRank ranks Canadian programmers 21st in terms of real skill level. Toronto, Calgary, and Halifax were all in the top 50 cities in the Tholons Globalization Index.
Outsourcing back end developers to Canada has a number of significant advantages, particularly for organizations situated in the United States. There are few cultural differences to consider, and the time zones make it simple to communicate with clients in the United States. Companies can easily achieve true collaboration on more complex projects as a result of this.
Our workplaces and responsibilities change significantly year to year, even if they are formally the same. Back end developers, regardless of their position or level of seniority, are no exception. It’s simply that the tools, programming languages, and frameworks they employ, as well as the guidelines and projects in which they participate, change.
Choosing the best nations for outsourcing back end developers is the first step in building a strong outsourcing relationship. To make an outsourcing arrangement work, you’ll also need to specify clear communication and collaboration.
India is one of your greatest alternatives if you’re looking for an employee team extension in Asia. Many corporations in the United States and Europe outsource their back end developers to India.